Carbon Storage Research Portfolio
Carbon Storage Advanced R&D2021-05-05T16:16:16+00:00

Carbon Storage Advanced R&D


The objective of the Carbon Storage Program (CSP) is to create a portfolio of carbon management options to manage emission levels and develop and advance carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) technologies for widespread commercial deployment by the 2025-2035 timeframe. In order to meet this objective, the Carbon Storage Advanced Research and Development (R&D) Field Work Proposal (FWP) portfolio of projects focuses on developing and producing programmatically relevant tools and technologies that leverage advanced computational approaches collected with experimental data. The projects within the portfolio will determine the geochemical and geomechanical impacts on storage potential, injectivity, wellbore security, and storage permanence and track the CO2 plume and pressure front in the deep subsurface and evaluate the impacts to groundwater aquifers and the atmosphere.


This FWP works to address the fundamental challenge of predicting the response of geologic systems to the external stimuli associated with injecting carbon into the subsurface. Four research themes outline the research strategy for the Carbon Storage Advanced R&D FWP: (1) plume detection and storage efficiency, (2) secure storage- migration outside the reservoir, (3) subsurface stress, and (4) wellbore integrity. Multiple R&D projects are conducted under each research theme, spanning both the laboratory and field-scale.

Anticipated Outcomes

The Carbon Storage Advanced R&D FWP portfolio of projects aim to:

  • Reduce uncertainty and risk associated with carbon storage which provides regulators and operators a field-validated commercial toolbox and a technical foundation for producing science-based regulations in order to meet regulatory requirements.
  • Develop, field test, and facilitate the integration of carbon storage technologies to demonstrate secure containment and enable safe and cost-effective management of the subsurface storage resource.
  • Facilitate public, industry, and international community awareness and understanding of R&D results.
  • Develop Best Practice Manuals (BPMs) for the construction, operation, and monitoring phases of a carbon storage project, including: Monitoring, Verification, and Accounting (MVA); site screening, selection, and initial characterization; public outreach; well management activities; and risk analysis and simulation.


Plume Detection and Storage EfficiencyThe projects under this research theme aim to investigate the CO2/Brine relative permeability in fractures and the interactions between CO2 and shale as a seal or storage reservoir, define the controls on CO2 trapping within the subsurface, enhance CO2 storage and injectivity, acquire and characterize CO2 core samples, and evaluate the impact of microbial growth on reservoirs exposed to CO2.

Secure StorageThe projects under this theme work to better understand and prevent CO2 migration outside of the reservoir. The projects support DOE’s large-scale field activities by developing and demonstrating non-borehole-based methods for detecting the plume and pressure front in a CO2 storage formation. The projects look to develop novel geochemical signal methodologies, design distributed fiber optic-based CO2 sensors for carbon storage applications, and conduct geophysical monitoring of seals and CO2 plumes.

Subsurface StressThe projects under this theme look to better understand the impacts of subsurface stress to a carbon storage operation through the utilization of geophysical monitoring of carbon storage reservoirs.

Wellbore IntegrityThis research theme focuses on evaluating the risks associated with wellbore security in offshore and onshore storage environments while exploring the risk associated with uncertainty and failure of wellbore materials. Researchers are developing a database to quantify the geochemical and geomechanical interactions and impact of using foamed cement in CO2 storage wells. The work performed under this research theme involves field-based assessments and the conduction of a wellbore workshop.

Medical CT Scanner in the CT Scanner lab at NETL in Morgantown, W.V.

Industrial CT Scanner

Industrial CT Scanner in the CT Scanner lab at NETL in Morgantown, W.V.

Cement Degradation – Barbara Kutchko uses a series of high-pressure vessels manufactured specifically for NETL’s Core Flow Laboratory.

Model Development

Microbial Enhanced Coalbed Systems – Fact Sheet

Recent Research Products

Microbial Enhanced Coalbed Systems – Fact Sheet

January 1st, 2021|

National Energy Technology Laboratory. (2021). Microbial Enhanced Coalbed Systems. [Fact sheet]. U.S. Department of Energy.

Tracking Natural CO2 Migration Through a Sandstone Aquifer using Sr, U and C Isotopes: Chimayó, New Mexico

January 1st, 2021|

Gardiner, J., Capo, R.C., Newell, D.L., Stewart, B.W., Phan, T.T., Keating, E.H., Guthrie, G.D., & Hakala, J. A. (2021). Tracking natural CO2 migration through a sandstone aquifer using Sr, U and C isotopes: Chimayó, New Mexico. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 104.

Centimeter-Scale Pillared-Layer Metal-Organic Framework Thin Films Mediated by Hydroxy-Double Salt Intermediates for CO2 Sensor Applications

December 22nd, 2020|

Jim, K.-J., Ellis, J. E., Howard, B. H., & Ohodnicki, P. R. (2020). Centimeter-Scale Pillared-Layer Metal–Organic Framework Thin Films Mediated by Hydroxy Double Salt Intermediates for CO₂ Sensor Applications. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 13(1), 2062-2071.

Utilization of Produced Water Baseline as a Groundwater Monitoring Tool at a CO2-EOR Site in the Permian Basin, Texas, USA

October 10th, 2020|

Gardiner, J., Thomas, R. B., Phan, T.T., Stuckman, M., Wang, J., Small, M., Lopano, C., & Hakala, J. A. (2020). Utilization of produced water baseline as a groundwater monitoring tool at a CO₂-EOR site in the Permian Basin, Texas, USA. Applied Geochemisty, Volume 121 (C).

CO₂ induced changes in Mount Simon sandstone: Understanding links to post CO₂ injection monitoring, seismicity, and reservoir integrity

September 1st, 2020|

Harbert, W., Goodman, A.L., Spaulding, R., Haljasmaa, I., Crandall, D.M., Sanguinito, S., Kutchko, B., Tkach, M., Fuchs, S.J., Werth, C. J., Tsotsis, T., Dalton, L., Jessen, K., Shi, Z., & Frailey, S. (2020). CO₂ induced changes in Mount Simon sandstone: Understanding links to post CO₂ injection monitoring, seismicity, and reservoir integrity. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 100.

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