{"creator_user_id": "45826aab-11c8-4d58-8357-e3c10fbe3586", "id": "72250900-ea50-4b9f-9b96-8fd6f4344cc0", "metadata_created": "2014-10-09T14:45:00.183921", "metadata_modified": "2014-10-09T14:46:50.078556", "name": "shale-resources-and-water-risks", "notes": "Explore water availability across shale gas and tight oil resources.\r\n\r\nDozens of countries around the world are deciding whether or not to develop their shale gas and tight oil resources. However, extracting these energy sources poses environmental risks, especially to water.\r\n\r\nDrilling and hydraulic fracturing requires up to 25 million liters of water per well, meaning shale resources can be hard to develop where freshwater is hard to find.\r\n\r\nThe risks and impacts specific to surface and groundwater availability have been thinly documented to date. This tool and the associated report:\r\n\r\n Identify priority locations worldwide where freshwater management will be most critical if shale is developed.\r\n Reveal potential business risks associated with freshwater availability to companies and build the case for corporate water stewardship and early source-water assessment.\r\n\r\nScope\r\n\r\nThis tool shares information that can create dialog among water users from industry, government, and civil society in river basins worldwide. It does not attempt to identify risks to water quality from shale resource development, nor does it assess the oil and gas industry\u2019s water management practices.\r\n\r\nDefinitions\r\n\r\n Baseline water stress: The ratio of total water withdrawals to available renewable supply in an area. In high-stress areas, 40 percent or more of the available supply is withdrawn every year. In extremely high-stress areas, that number goes up to 80 percent or higher. A higher percentage means more water users are competing for limited supplies. See the high and extremely high-stress areas highlighted in red and dark red on the maps. For more detailed information, please see Aqueduct\u2019s Global Maps 2.0 metadata document.\r\n Hydraulic fracturing: A method of extraction for shale gas and tight oil resources. Fluid is pumped at high pressure down a well to create cracks in low-permeability geological formations. Natural gas and oil then flows from the cracks back into the well.\r\n Shale play: Part of a shale basin that can be commercially extracted.\r\n Shale gas: Natural gas deposit found in shale reservoirs, which are between ten and many thousands of times less permeable than conventional natural gas reservoirs.\r\n Tight oil: Oil trapped in fine-grained sedimentary rocks with extremely low permeability, such as shale, sandstone, or carbonate\r\n Technically recoverable resource: Shale oil or gas deposit that can be extracted with current technology, but does not consider economic viability.\r\n\r\n", "num_resources": 0, "num_tags": 14, "package_reviewed": true, "private": false, "state": "active", "title": "Shale Resources and Water Risks", "type": "dataset", "extras": [{"key": "citation", "value": "http://www.wri.org/tools/shale/#"}, {"key": "netl_product", "value": "no"}, {"key": "organization_acronym", "value": "WRI"}, {"key": "spatial", "value": "{\"type\":\"MultiPolygon\",\"coordinates\":[[[[197.2265625,69.65708627301174],[197.2265625,-78.06198918665974],[-130.78125,-78.06198918665974],[-130.78125,69.65708627301174],[197.2265625,69.65708627301174]]]]}"}], "groups": [{"description": "This group offers a collection of key spatial data resources housed or linked wtihin EDX", "display_name": "Spatial Data Resources", "id": "66916746-41b0-4b11-97c6-b1f7f68f77a7", "image_display_url": "https://edx.netl.doe.gov/groups/spatial-data-resources/2022-05-02T09:23:37.798625.png", "name": "spatial-data-resources", "title": "Spatial Data Resources"}], "resources": [{"id": "15c62f6e-55ba-42ec-be1f-87170e205f09", "package_id": "72250900-ea50-4b9f-9b96-8fd6f4344cc0", "revision_id": "f2596820-dd6a-769d-50c1-a8a545a08a83", "url": "http://www.wri.org/tools/shale/#", "format": "HTML", "description": "Explore water availability across shale gas and tight oil resources", "hash": "", "position": 0, "name": "Shale Resources and Water Risks", "resource_type": "link", "mimetype": null, "mimetype_inner": null, "size": null, "created": "2014-10-09T10:45:24.474968", "last_modified": "2014-10-09T10:45:24.474968", "cache_url": null, "cache_last_updated": null, "url_type": null, "state": "active", "license_type": "cc-by", "folder_id": "root", "owner_org": null, "recycle_removed": false, "fgdc_metadata": false, "rating": null, "categories_json": "[]", "scale": "", "typeofgep": "Not Applicable", "locations_json": "[]", "refSystem": "", "file": "", "owner": "admin", "revision_timestamp": "October 9, 2014, 14:45:24 (EST)", "intended_use_auth": false}], "tags": [{"display_name": "Baseline water stress", "id": "bef40f78-4f07-4de2-a884-3182e08b3c31", "name": "Baseline water stress", "state": "active", "vocabulary_id": null}, {"display_name": "Gas", "id": "4a6c6018-52ef-4644-8b8d-2823a64a1743", "name": "Gas", "state": "active", "vocabulary_id": null}, {"display_name": "Geology", "id": "b8d42824-d747-4c8e-92b6-6cf01b7b64fa", "name": "Geology", "state": "active", "vocabulary_id": null}, {"display_name": "Hydraulic fracturing", "id": "85229315-3586-46a5-85c4-2622d40595a2", "name": "Hydraulic fracturing", "state": "active", "vocabulary_id": null}, {"display_name": "Oil", "id": "d66cd502-68a7-4641-a339-cc403d0c85ea", "name": "Oil", "state": "active", "vocabulary_id": null}, {"display_name": "Shale", "id": "65f82cec-1e08-4684-a238-f53b3ccd5421", "name": "Shale", "state": "active", "vocabulary_id": null}, {"display_name": "Shale gas", "id": "27c4ec43-a76e-4dca-b295-a24be312a563", "name": "Shale gas", "state": "active", "vocabulary_id": null}, {"display_name": "Shale play", "id": "13c5739d-b2c5-475a-82ac-3c9b3e004fe5", "name": "Shale play", "state": "active", "vocabulary_id": null}, {"display_name": "Tight oil", "id": "a747822b-160f-4e9b-85b1-020d3b4a7228", "name": "Tight oil", "state": "active", "vocabulary_id": null}, {"display_name": "Types", "id": "0bc7d78a-5639-4dbb-8668-546937a0631a", "name": "Types", "state": "active", "vocabulary_id": null}, {"display_name": "Water", "id": "e438eada-7640-477f-9d5b-d0cfdf6416ab", "name": "Water", "state": "active", "vocabulary_id": null}, {"display_name": "Well Data", "id": "9490d9b4-a56e-4329-8591-277f8c2dd49e", "name": "Well Data", "state": "active", "vocabulary_id": null}, {"display_name": "resources", "id": "09b71e8f-3dc1-4c38-b4fc-915dc6db8011", "name": "resources", "state": "active", "vocabulary_id": null}, {"display_name": "tools", "id": "de27f7a4-903d-4df7-b6b7-ac57d5adc412", "name": "tools", "state": "active", "vocabulary_id": null}], "submission_authors": []}