Publications

Find a detailed list of NRAP Publications at each of the category links below:

 

CONTAINMENT ASSURANCE

2018

Bacon, D. H.; Locke II, R. A.; Keating, E.; Carroll, S.; Iranmanesh, A.; Mansoor, K.; Wimmer, B.; Zheng, L.; Shao, H.; Greenberg, S. Application of the Aquifer Impact Model to Support Decisions at a CO2 Sequestration Site. Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology 2018, 7, 1020-1034.

Chen, B.; Harp, D. R.; Lin, Y.; Keating, E. H.; Pawar, R. J.; Geologic CO2 sequestration monitoring design: A machine learning and uncertainty quantification based approach. Applied Energy 2018, 225, 332-345.

Chen, X.; Iyer, J.; Carroll, S. Dynamic reduced order modelling (ROM) of chemical and mechanical processes in CO2-cement systems; LLNL-TR-758521; Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, 2018.

Cihan, A.; Wang, S.; Tokunaga, T. K.; Birkholzer, J. T. The role of capillary hysteresis and pore‐scale heterogeneity in limiting the migration of buoyant immiscible fluids in porous media. Water Resources Research 2018, 54(7), 4309-4318.

Iyer, J.; Walsh, S. D. C.; Hao, Y.; Carroll, S. A. Assessment of two-phase flow on the chemical alteration and sealing of leakage pathways in cemented wellbores. International Journal Greenhouse Gas Control 2018, 69, 72-80.

Lawter, A. R.; Qafoku, N. P.; Asmussen, R. M.; Kukkadapu, R. K.; Qafoku, O.; Bacon, D. H., Brown, C. F. Element mobilization and immobilization from carbonate rocks between CO2 storage reservoirs and the overlying aquifers during a potential CO2 leakage. Chemosphere 2018, 197, 339-410.

Oldenburg, C. M. Are we all in concordance with the meaning of the word conformance, and is our definition in conformity with standard definitions? Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology 2018, 8, 210-214.

Roy, P.; Morris, J. P.; Walsh, S. D. C.; Iyer, J.; Carroll, S. A. Effect of thermal stresses on wellbore integrity during CO2 injection. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2018, 77, 14-26.

Um, W.; Rod, K. A.; Jung, H. B.; Brown, C. F. Geochemical alteration of wellbore cement by CO2 or CO2 + H2S reaction during long‐term carbon storage. Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology 2018, 7(5), 852-865.

2017

Bacon, D. H. Reduced-Order Model for the Geochemical Impacts of CO2, Brine, and Trace Metal Leakage into an Unconfined, Oxidizing Carbonate Aquifer, Version 2.1; NRAP-TRS-III-016-2017; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2017; p 60.

Bacon, D. H.; Keating, E. H.; Dai, Z.; Harp, D. R.; Pawar, R. J. Reduced-Order Model for the Impacts of Carbon Dioxide and Brine Leakage into an Unconfined, Oxidizing Carbonate Aquifer, Third-Generation; NRAP-TRS-III-010-2017; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2017; p 76.

Bianchi, M.; Zheng, L.; Spycher, N.; Birkholzer, J. Reduced-Order Models for Prediction of Groundwater Quality Impacts from CO2 and Brine Leakage—Application to the High Plains Aquifer; NRAP-TRS-III-017-2017; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2017; p 48.

Cantrell, K. J.; Shao, H.; Jung, H. B.; Thompson, C. J.; Kukkadapu, R. K.; Krogstad, E. J.; Um, W. Metal Leaching and pH Measurements in Geologic Carbon Sequestration Reservoirs; NRAP-TRS-III-018-2017; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2017; p 128.

Carey, J. W.; Harp, D.; Lewis, K.; Chu, S.; Kelkar, S. A Reduced-Order Model for Wellbore Permeability Induced by Geomechanical Damage; NRAP-TRS-III-006-2017; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2017; p 24.

Carroll, S. A.; Iyer, J.; Walsh, S. D. C. Influence of Chemical, Mechanical, and Transport Processes on Wellbore Leakage from Geologic CO2 Storage Reservoirs. Published as part of the Accounts of Chemical Research special issue Chemistry of Geologic Carbon Storage 2017, 50, 1829−1837.

Carroll, S.; Walsh, S.; Mason, H.; Du Frane, W. Chemical – Mechanical – Transport Model for Wellbore Permeability for CO2 Storage; NRAP-TRS-III-009-2017; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2017; p 16.

Dai, Z.; Keating, E.; Viswanathan, H. Second-Generation Reduced-Order Models for Groundwater Impacts due to CO2 and Brine Leakage; NRAP-TRS-III-015-2017; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2017; p 48.

Iyer, J.; Walsh, S. D. C.; Hao, Y.; Carroll, S. A. Incorporating Reaction-Rate Dependence in Reaction-Front Models of Wellbore-Cement/Carbonated-Brine Systems. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2017, 59, 160-171.

Jordan, P. D.; Wagoner, J. L. Characterizing Construction of Existing Wells to a CO2 Storage Target: The Kimberlina Site, California; NRAP-TRS-III-001-2017; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2017; p 32.

Mansoor, K.; Sun, Y.; Carroll S. Development of a General Form CO2 and Brine Flux Input Model; NRAP-TRS-III-019-2017; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2017; p 16.

Pan, L.; Oldenburg, C. M. Reduced-Order Model for Leakage through an Open Wellbore from the Reservoir due to CO2 Injection; NRAP-TRS-III-008-2017; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2017; p 20.

Siirila-Woodburn, E.; Cihan, A.; Birkholzer, J. A risk map methodology to assess the spatial and temporal distribution of leakage into groundwater from Geologic Carbon Storage, International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2017, 59, 99-109.

Varre, S.; Gondle, R.; Siriwardane, H.; Bromhal, G.; Sams, N. Influence of Geochemical Processes on the Geomechanical Responses of Overburden Strata during CO2 Storage in Saline Aquifers; NRAP-TRS-III-013-2017; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2017; p 72.

Verba, C.; Reed, M.; Ideker, J.; O'Connor, W. Compressive and Tensile Strength of Class H Cement Exposed to High Pressure and Temperature Storage Conditions; NRAP-TRS-III-004-2017; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Albany, OR, 2017; p 32.

White, J. A.; Lu, C.; Chiaramonte, L. A Reduced-Order Model of Fault Leakage for Second-Generation Toolset; NRAP-TRS-III-012-2017; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2017; p 16.

2016

Bacon, D. H.; Qafoku, N. P.; Dai, Z.; Keating, E. H.; Brown, C. F. Modeling the Impact of Carbon Dioxide Leakage into an Unconfined, Oxidizing Carbonate Aquifer. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2016, 44, 290-299.

Bianchi, M.; Zheng, L.; Birkholzer, J. T.; Spycher, N. F. Combining Multiple Lower-Fidelity Models for Emulating Complex Model Responses for CCS Environmental Risk. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2016, 46, 248-258.

Brunet, J. L.; Li, L.; Karpyn, Z. T.; Huerta, N. Fracture Opening or Self-Sealing: Critical Residence Time as a Unifying Parameter for Cement-CO2-Brine Interactions. Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2016, 47, 25-37.

Cao, P.; Karpyn, Z. T.; Li, L. The Role of Host Rock Properties in Determining Potential CO2 Migration Pathways. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2016, 45, 18-26.

Carroll, S. A.; Bianchi, M.; Mansoor, K.; Zheng, L.; Sun, Y.; Spycher, N.; Birkholzer, J. Reduced-Order Model for Estimating Impacts from CO2 Storage Leakage to Alluvium Aquifers: Third-Generation Combined Physical and Chemical Processes; NRAP-TRS-II-009-2016; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2016; p 44.

Carroll, S.; Carey, J. W.; Dzombak, D.; Huerta, N. J.; Li, L.; Richard, T.; Um, W.; Walsh, S. D. C.; Zhang, L. Review: Role of Chemistry, Mechanics, and Transport on Well Integrity in CO2 Storage Environments. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2016, 49, 149-160.

Carroll, S. A.; Keating, E.; Mansoor, K.; Dai, Z.; Sun, Y.; Trainor-Guitton, W.; Brown, C.; Bacon, D. Key Factors for Assessing Potential Groundwater Impacts Due to Leakage from Geologic Carbon Sequestration Reservoir; NRAP-TRS-I-003-2016; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2016; p 40.

Harp, D. R.; Pawar, R.; Carey, J. W.; Gable, C. W. Reduced Order Models of Transient Wellbore Leakage at Geologic Carbon Sequestration Sites. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2016, 45, 150–162.

Harvey, O. R.; Qafoku, N. P.; Cantrell, K. J.; Wilkins, M. J.; Brown, C. F. Methanogenesis-induced pH–Eh Shifts Drives Aqueous Metal(loid) Mobility in Sulfide Mineral Systems under CO2 Enriched Conditions. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 2016, 173, 232-245

Harvey, O. R.; Qafoku, N.; Wilkins, M. J.; Cantrell, K. J.; Brown, C. F. Evidence of Anammox-coupled-lithautotrophic HCO3 Reduction Provides New Insights for CO2-to-Energy Utilization; PNNL-SA-114769; Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA, 2016.

Huerta; N. J.; Carey, J. W.; Carroll, S.; Dzombak, D.; Harp, D.; Li, L.; Richard, T.; Walsh, S. D. C.; Um, W.; Zhang, L. 2 Storage Operations: Current Understanding and Open Questions; NRAP-TRS-I-007-2016; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Albany, OR, 2016; p 48.

Huerta, N.; Hesse, M. A.; Bryant, S. L.; Strazisar, B. R.; Lopano, C. Reactive Transport of CO2-Saturated Water in a Cement Fracture: Application to Wellbore Leakage during Geologic CO2 Storage. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2016, 44, 276-289.

Huerta, N. J.; Vasylkivska, V. S. Well Leakage Analysis Tool (WLAT) User’s Manual, Version: 2016.11-1.0.0.3; NRAP-TRS-III-011-2016; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Albany, OR, 2016; p 44.

Jia, W.; McPherson, B.; Pan, F.; Xiao, T.; Bromhal, G. Probabilistic Analysis of CO2 Storage Mechanisms in a CO2-EOR Field Using Polynomial Chaos Expansion. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2016, 51, 218-229.

Jordan, P.; Carey, J. W. Steam Blowouts in California Oil and Gas District 4: Comparison of the Roles of Initial Defects versus Well Aging and Implications for Well Blowouts in Geologic Carbon Storage Projects. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2016, 51, 36-47.

Jordan, P. D.; Gillespie, J. Produced Water Disposal Injection in the Southern San Joaquin Valley: No Evidence of Groundwater Quality Effects due to Upward Leakage. Environmental Geosciences 2016, 23, 141-177.

Kabilan S.; Um, W.; Jung, H. B.; Kuprat A.; Beck A.; Varga T.; Fernandez C.; Brown, C. F. A Numerical Study of Permeability Change in Wellbore Cement Fractures after Geomechanical and Geochemical Processes; PNNL-SA-114327; Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA, 2016.

Keating, E.; Bacon, D.; Carroll, S.; Mansoor, K. Aquifer Impact Model (AIM) Tool User’s Manual, Version: 2016.11-1.1.4; NRAP-TRS-III-015-2016; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2016; p 40.

Keating, E.; Bacon, D.; Carroll, S.; Mansoor, K.; Zheng, L.; Sun, Y.; Harp, D. Applicability of Aquifer Impact Models to Support Decisions at CO2 Sequestration Sites. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2016, 52, 319-330.

Keating, E. H.; Harp, D. R.; Dai, Z.; Pawar, R. J. Reduced Order Models for Assessing CO2 Impacts in Shallow Unconfined Aquifers. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2016, 46, 187-196.

King, S. Reservoir Evaluation and Visualization (REV) Tool User’s Manual, Version: 2016.11-1.2.0; NRAP-TRS-III-013-2016; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2016; p 20.

King, S. Reservoir Reduced-Order Model – Generator (RROM-Gen) Tool User’s Manual, Version: 2016.11-1.2; NRAP-TRS-III-014-2016; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2016; p 16.

Last, G. V.; Jordan, P. D.; Murray, C.J.; Sharma, M.; Brown, C. F. No-Impact Threshold Values for Groundwater Reduced-Order Models; NRAP-TRS-III-002-2016; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2016; p 72.

Last, G. V.; Murray, C. J.; Bott, Y. J. Derivation of Groundwater Threshold Values for Analysis of Impacts Predicted at Potential Carbon Sequestration Sites. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2016, 49, 138-148.

Lawter, A. R.; Qafoku, N.; Wang, G.; Shao, H.; Brown, C. F. Evaluating Impacts of CO2 Intrusion into an Unconsolidated Aquifer: I. Experimental Data. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2016, 44, 323-333.

Lindner, E. NRAP Seal Barrier Reduced-Order Model (NSealR) Tool User’s Manual, Version: 2016.04-13.2.1; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory, Morgantown, WV, 2016.

Lindner, E. A User’s Guide to DFNGen; NRAP-TRS-III-001-2016; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2016; p 84.

Nguyen, B. N.; Hou, Z.; Bacon, D. H.; Murray, C. J.; White, M. D. Three-Dimensional Modeling of the Reactive Transport of CO2 and Its Impact on Geomechanical Properties of Reservoir Rocks and Seals. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2016, 46, 100-115.

Nguyen, B. N.; Hou, Z.; Bacon, D. H.; White, M. D. A Multiscale Hydro-Geochemical-Mechanical Approach to Analyze Faulted CO2 Reservoirs. Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology 2016. [Online] 1 AUG 2016.

Nguyen, B. N.; Hou, Z.; Last, G. V.; Bacon, D. H. Three-dimensional Analysis of Faulted CO2 Reservoirs Using an Eshelby-Mori-Tanaka Approach to Rock Elastic Properties and Fault Permeability. Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering 2016, 6, 8.

Qafoku, N. P.; Bacon, D. H.; Zheng, L.; Lawter, A. R.; Brown, C. F. A Critical Review of the Impacts of Leaking CO2 Gas and Brine on Groundwater Quality; NRAP-TRS-II-008-2016; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2016; p 88.

Oldenburg, C. M.; Cihan, A.; Zhou, Q.; Fairweather, S.; Spangler, L. H. Geologic Carbon Sequestration Injection Wells in Overpressured Storage Reservoirs: Estimating Area of Review. Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology 2016, 6, 6.

Pan, F.; McPherson, B. J.; Dai, Z.; Jia, W.; Lee, S.; Ampomah, W.; Viswanathan, H.; Esser, R. Uncertainty Analysis of Carbon Sequestration in an Active CO2-EOR Field. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2016, 51, 18-28.

Pawar, R.; Bromhal, G.; Dilmore, R.; Oldenburg, C. M.; Zhang, Y.; Guthrie, G.; Chu, S. The National Risk Assessment Partnership's Integrated Assessment Model for Carbon Storage: A Tool to Support Decision Making Amidst Uncertainty. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2016, 52, 175-189.

Stauffer, P.; Chu, S.; Tauxe, C.; Pawar, R. NRAP Integrated Assessment Model-Carbon Storage (NRAP-IAM-CS) Tool User’s Manual, Version: 2016.11-1.1; NRAP-TRS-III-010-2016; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2016; p 64.

Um, W.; Rod, K. A.; Jung, H. B.; Brown, C. F. Geochemical Alteration of Wellbore Cement by CO2 or CO2 + H2S Reaction during Long-Term Carbon Storage. Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology 2016, 6, 1-4.

Um, W.; Rod, K.; Jung, H. B.; Brown, C. Geochemical Alteration of Wellbore Cement by CO2 or CO2+H2S Reaction during Long-Term Carbon Storage; PNNL-SA-114327; Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA, 2016.

Wang, G.; Qafoku, N. P.; Lawter, A. R.; Bowden, M.; Harvey, O.; Sulivan, C.; Brown, C. F. Geochemical Impacts of Leaking CO2 from Subsurface Storage Reservoirs to an Unconfined Oxidizing Carbonate Aquifer. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2016, 44, 310-322.

Xiao, T.; McPherson, B.; Pan, F.; Esser, R.; Jia, W.; Bordelon, A.; Bacon, D. Potential Chemical Impacts of CO2 Leakage on Underground Source of Drinking Water Assessed by Quantitative Risk Analysis. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2016, 50, 305-316.

Yonkofski, C. M. R.; Porter, E. A.; Rodriguez, L. R.; Brown, C. F. Designs for Risk Evaluation and Management (DREAM) Tool User’s Manual, Version: 2016.11-1.0; NRAP-TRS-III-019-2016; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2016; p 40.

Yoshida, N.; Levine, J.; Stauffer, P. M. Investigation of Uncertainty in CO2 Reservoir Models: A Sensitivity Analysis of Relative Permeability Parameter Values. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2016, 49, 161-178.

Zhang, L.; Dilmore, R.; Bromhal, G. Effect of Outer Boundary Condition, Reservoir Size, and CO2 Effective Permeability on Pressure and CO2 Saturation Predictions under Carbon Sequestration Conditions. Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology 2016, 6, 546-560.

Zhang, L.; Soong, Y.; Dilmore, R. Investigation on Porosity and Permeability Change of Mount Simon Sandstone (Knox County, IN, USA) under Geological CO2 Sequestration Conditions: A Numerical Simulation Approach. Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology 2016, 6, 574-587.

Zhang, Y.; Oldenburg, C. Multiple Source Leakage Reduced-Order Model (MSLR) Tool User’s Manual, Version: 2016.11-1.0.1; NRAP-TRS-III-016-2016; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2016; p 32.

Zhang, Y.; Oldenburg, C. M.; Pan, L. Fast Estimation of Dense Gas Dispersion from Multiple Continuous CO2 Surface Leakage Sources for Risk Assessment. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2016, 49, 323-329.

Zheng, L.; Qafoku, N. P.; Lawter, A.; Wang, G.; Shao, H.; Brown, C. F. Evaluating Impacts of CO2 Intrusion into an Unconsolidated Aquifer: II. Modeling Results. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2016, 44, 300-309.

Zheng, L.; Spycher, N.; Bianchi, M.; Pugh, J. D.; Varadharajan, C.; Tinnacher, R. M.; Birkholzer, J. T.; Nico, P.; Trautz, R. C. Impacts of Elevated Dissolved CO2 on a Shallow Groundwater System: Reactive Transport Modeling of the Field Test. Chemical Geology 2016, 447, 117-132.

2015

Agartan, E.; Trevisan, L.; Cihan, A.; Birkholzer, J.; Zhou, Q.; Illangasekare, T. H. Experimental Study on Effects of Geologic Heterogeneity in Enhancing Dissolution Trapping of Supercritical CO2. Water Resources Research 2015, 50.

Azzolina, N. A.; Small, M. J.; Nakles, D. V.; Glazewiski, K. A.; Peck, W. D.; Gorecki, C. D.; Bromhal, G. S.; Dilmore, R. M. Quantifying the Benefit of Wellbore Leakage Potential Estimates for Prioritizing Long-Term MVA Well Sampling. Environmental Science & Technology 2015, 49, 1215–1224.

Balashov, V. N.; Guthrie, G. D.; Lopano, C. L.; Hakala, J. A.; Brantley, S. L. Reaction and Diffusion at the Reservoir/Shale Interface during CO2 Storage: Impact of Geochemical Kinetics. Applied Geochemistry 2015, 61, 19–131.

Bandilla, K. W.; Celia, M. A.; Birkholzer, J. T.; Cihan, A.; Leister, E. C. Multiphase Modeling of Geologic Carbon Sequestration in Saline Aquifers. Groundwater 2015, 53, 362–377.

Birkholzer, J. T.; Oldenburg, C. M.; Zhou, Q. CO2 Migration and Pressure Evolution in Deep Saline Aquifers. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2015, 40, 203–220.

Cantrell, K. J; Zhong, L.; Bryce, D. A.; Thompson, C. J.; Bacon, D. H.; Shao, H. Mobilization and Transport of Organic Compounds from Geologic Carbon Sequestration Reservoirs; NRAP-TRS-III-002-2015; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2015; p 54.

Cao, P.; Karpyn, Z. T.; Li, L. Self-healing of Cement Fractures under Dynamic Flow of CO2-rich Brine. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2015, 51, 4684–4701.

Cihan, A.; Birkholzer, J. T.; Bianchi, M. Optimal Well Placement and Brine Extraction for Pressure Management during CO2 Sequestration. International Journal of Green House Gas Control 2015, 42, 175-187.

Guthrie, G. D., Jr.; Carey, J. W. A Thermodynamic and Kinetic Model for Paste–aggregate Interactions and the Alkali–silica Reaction. Cement and Concrete Research 2015, 76, 107–120.

Jordan, A. B.; Stauffer, P. H.; Harp, D.; Carey, J. W.; Pawar, R. J. A Response Surface Model to Predict CO2 and Brine Leakage along Cemented Wellbores. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2015, 33, 27–39.

Kilinc, M.; Sahinidis, N. V. State-of-the-Art in Mixed-integer Nonlinear Optimization. Invited for publication in "Advances and Trends in Optimization with Engineering Applications", a book edited by T. Terlaky, M. Anjos and S. Ahmed, publication by SIAM, 2015.

Lawter, A. R.; Qafoku, N. P.; Shao, H.; Bacon, D. H.; Brown, C. F. Evaluating Impacts of CO2 and CH4 Gas Intrusion into an Unconsolidated Aquifer: Fate of As and Cd. Frontiers in Environmental Science 2015, 3.

Mukhopadhyay, S.; Doughty, C.; Bacon, D.; Li, J.; Wei, L.; Yamamoto, H.; Gasda, S.; Hosseini, S. A.; Nicot, J. P.; Birkholzer, J. T. The Sim-SEQ Project: Comparison of Selected Flow Models for the S-3 Site. Transport in Porous Media 2015, 108, 207–231.

Oldenburg, C. M.; Mukhopadhyay, S.; Cihan, A. On the Use of Darcy's Law and Invasion-percolation Approaches for Modeling Large-Scale Geologic Carbon Sequestration. Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology 2015, 5, 1-15.

Pawar, R. J.; Bromhal, G. S.; Carey, J. W.; Foxall, W.; Korre, A.; Ringrose, P. S.; Tucker, O.; Watson, M. N.; White, J. A. Recent Advances in Risk Assessment and Risk Management of Geologic CO2 Storage. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2015, 40, 292-311.

Shao, H.; Qafoku, N.; Lawter, A. R.; Bowden, M. E.; Brown, C. F. Coupled Geochemical Impacts of Leaking CO2 and Contaminants from Subsurface Storage Reservoirs on Groundwater Quality. Environmental Science & Technology 2015, 49, 8202–8209.

Trevisan, L.; Pini, R.; Cihan, A.; Birkholzer, J. T.; Zhou, Q.; Illangasekare, T. H. Experimental Analysis of Spatial Correlation Effects on Capillary Trapping of Supercritical CO2 at the Intermediate Laboratory Scale in Heterogeneous Porous Media. Water Resources Research 2015, 51, 8791-8805.

Zhang, L.; Dzombak, D. A.; Kutchko B. G. Wellbore Cement Integrity under Geologic Carbon Sequestration Conditions. In: Novel Materials for CO2 Mitigation Technology, 1st Edition, Shi F. and Morreale B. (ed.), United States of America: Elsevier, 2015.

Zhang, L.; Dzombak, D. A.; Kutchko B. G. Wellbore Cement Integrity under Geologic Carbon Sequestration Conditions. Novel Materials for Carbon Dioxide Mitigation Technology 2015, 333-362.

Zhang, L.; Soeder, D. Modeling of Methane Migration in Shallow Aquifers from Gas Well Drilling. Groundwater 2015, 54, 345-353.

Zhang, L.; Soong, Y.; Dilmore, R.; Lopano, C. Numerical Simulation of Porosity and Permeability Evolution of Mount Simon Sandstone under Geological Carbon Sequestration Conditions. Chemical Geology 2015, 403, 1–12.

Zheng, L.; Spycher, N.; Varadharajan, C.; Tinnacher, R. M.; Pugh, J. D.; Bianchi, M.; Birkholzer, J. T.; Nico, P. S.; Trautz, R. C. On the Mobilization of Metals by CO2 Leakage into Shallow Aquifers: Exploring Release Mechanisms by Modeling Field and Laboratory Experiments. Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology 2015, 5, 1–16.

2014

Amini, S.; Mohaghegh, S.; Gholami, V.; Haghighat, A.; Moreno, D. Modeling Pressure and Saturation Distribution in a CO2 Storage Project Using a Surrogate Reservoir Model (SRM). Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology 2014, 4, 1–27.

Asahina, D.; Houseworth, J.; Birkholzer, J. T.; Rutqvist, J.; Bolander, J. E. Hydro-Mechanical Model for Fracture Development and Fluid Transport in Geomaterials. Computers & Geosciences 2014, 65, 13–23.

Azzolina, N. A.; Small, M. J.; Nakles, D. V.; Bromhal, G. S. Effectiveness of Subsurface Pressure Monitoring for Brine Leakage Detection in an Uncertain CO2 Sequestration System. Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment 2014, 28, 895–909.

Bacon, D. H.; Dai, Z.; Zheng, L. Geochemical Impacts of Carbon Dioxide, Brine, Trace Metal and Organic Leakage into an Unconfined, Oxidizing Limestone Aquifer. Energy Procedia 2014, 63, 4684–4707.

Birkholzer, J.; Cihan, A.; Bandilla, K. A Tiered Area-of-Review Framework for Geologic Carbon Sequestration. Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology 2014, 4, 20–35.

Cantrell, K. J.; Brown, C. F. Source Term Modeling for Evaluating the Potential Impacts to Groundwater of Fluids Escaping from a Depleted Oil Reservoir Used for Carbon Sequestration. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2014, 27, 139–145.

Carey, J. W.; Mori, H.; Brown, D.; Pawar, R. Geomechanical Behavior of Caprock and Cement: Plasticity in Hydrodynamic Seals. Energy Procedia 2014, 63, 5671–5679.

Carroll, S.; Keating, E.; Mansoor, K.; Dai, Z.; Sun, Y.; Trainor-Guitton, W.; Brown, C.; Bacon, D. Key Factors for Determining Groundwater Impacts due to Leakage from Geologic Carbon Sequestration Reservoirs. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2014, 29, 153–168.

Carroll, S. A.; Mansoor, K.; Sun, Y. Second-Generation Reduced-Order Model for Calculating Groundwater Impacts as a Function of pH, Total Dissolved Solids, and Trace Metal Concentration; NRAP-TRS-III-002-2014; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2014; p.40.

Chiaramonte, L.; White, J.; Trainor-Guitton, W. Probabilistic Geomechanical Analysis of Compartmentalization at the Snøhvit CO2 Sequestration Project. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 2014, 120, 2.

Cihan, A.; Birkholzer, J.; Bianchi, M. Targeted Pressure Management during CO2 Sequestration: Optimization of Well Placement and Brine Extraction. Energy Procedia 2014, 63, 5325–5332.

Cihan, A.; Birkholzer, J. T.; Bianchi, M.; Trevisan, L.; Zhou, Q.; Illangaskae, T. A Connectivity-based Modeling Approach for Representing Hysteresis in Macroscopic Two-phase Flow Properties. Energy Procedia 2014, 63, 3456–3463.

Cihan, A.; Birkholzer, J. T.; Illangasekare, T. H.; Zhou, Q. A Modeling Approach to Represent Hysteresis in Capillary Pressure-Saturation Relationship Based on Fluid Connectivity in Void Space. Water Resources Research 2014, 50, 119–131.

Cihan, A.; Zhou, Q.; Birkholzer, J. T.; Kraemer, S. R. Flow in Horizontally Anisotropic Multilayered Aquifer Systems with Leaky Wells and Aquitards. Water Resources Research 2014, 50, 741-747.

Crandall, D.; Bromhal, G. Characterization of Experimental Fracture Alteration and Fluid Flow in Fractured Natural Seals; NRAP-TRS-III-003-2014; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2014; p 48.

Dai, Z.; Keating, E.; Bacon, D.; Viswanathan, H.; Stauffer, P.; Jordan, A.; Pawar, R. Probabilistic Evaluation of Shallow Groundwater Resources at a Hypothetical Carbon Sequestration Site. Scientific Reports 2014, 4, 4006.

Dai, Z.; Middleton, R.; Viswanathan, H.; Fessenden-Rahn, J.; Bauman, J.; Pawar, R.; Lee, S.; McPherson, B. An Integrated Framework for Optimizing CO2 Sequestration and Enhanced Oil Recovery. Environmental Science & Technology Letters 2014, 1, 49-54.

Dai, Z.; Stauffer, P.; Carey, J.; Middleton, R.; Lu, Z.; Jacobs, J.; Spangler, L.; Hnottavange-Telleen, K. Pre-site Characterization Risk Analysis for Commercial-scale Carbon Sequestration. Environmental Science & Technology 2014, 48, 3908–3915.

Dai, Z.; Viswanathan, H.; Fessenden-Rahn, J.; Middleton, R.; Pan, F.; Jia, W.; Lee, S.; McPherson, B.; Ampomah, W.; Grigg, R. Uncertainty Quantification for CO2 Sequestration and Enhanced Oil Recovery. Energy Procedia 2014, 63, 7685-7693.

Dempsey, D.; Kelkar, S.; Pawar, R.; Keating, E.; Coblentz, D. Modeling Caprock Bending Stresses and Their Potential for Induced Seismicity during CO2 Injection. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2014, 22, 223–236.

Du Frane, W. L.; Vericella, J.; Duoss, E.; Roberts, J. Smart Tracers for Geothermal Reservoir Assessment. Transactions - Geothermal Resources Council 2014, 38, 951-957.

Finsterle, S.; Sonnenthal, E. L.; Spycher, N. Advances in Subsurface Modeling Using the TOUGH Suite of Simulators. Computers & Geosciences 2014, 65, 2–12.

Harp, D. R.; Pawar, R.; Gale, C. W. Numerical Modeling of Cemented Wellbore Leakage from Storage Reservoirs with Secondary Capture due to Thief Zones. Energy Procedia 2014, 63, 3532–3543.

Hou, Z.; Bacon, D. H.; Engel, D. W.; Lin, G.; Fang, Y.; Ren, H.; Fang, Z. Uncertainty Analyses of CO2 Plume Expansion Subsequent to Wellbore CO2 Leakage into Aquifers. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2014, 27, 69–80.

Hou, Z.; Murry, C. J.; Rockhold, M. L. Risk Analyses and Reduced-Order Models for CO2 Leakage through Three-Dimensional Heterogeneous Intact Caprock; PNNL-21968, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory: Richland, WA, 2014.

Houseworth, J. E.; Asahina, D.; Birkholzer, J. T. An Analytical Model for Solute Transport through a Water-Saturated Single Fracture and Permeable Rock Matrix. Water Resources Research 2014, 49, 1–22.

Huerta, N.; Strazisar, B. R.; Bryant, S. L.; Hesse, M. A. Time-Dependent Fluid Migration from a Storage Formation via Leaky Wells. Energy Procedia 2014, 63, 5724–5736.

Jung, H. B.; Kabilan, S.; Carson, J. P.; Kuprat, A. P.; Um, W.; Martin, P.; Dahl, M.; Kafemtzis, T.; Varga, T.; Stephens, S.; Arey, B.; Carroll, K. C.; Bonneville, A. H. R.; Fernandez, C. A. Wellbore Cement Fracture Evolution at the Cement-Basalt Caprock Interface during Geologic Carbon Sequestration. Applied Geochemistry 2014, 47, 1–16.

Keating, E.; Dai, Z.; Dempsey, D.; Pawar, R. Effective Detection of CO2 Leakage: A Comparison of Groundwater Sampling and Pressure Monitoring. Energy Procedia 2014, 63, 4163–4171.

Keating, E.; Newell, D.; Dempsey, D.; Pawar, R. Insights into Interconnections between the Shallow and Deep Systems from a Natural CO2 Reservoir near Springerville, Arizona. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2014, 25, 162–172.

Keating, E.; Newell, D.; Stewart, B.; Caop, R.; Pawar, R. Further Insights into Interconnections between the Shallow and Deep Systems from a Natural CO2 Reservoir Near Springerville, Arizona, U.S.A. Energy Procedia 2014, 63, 4163–4171.

Kelkar, S.; Carey, J. W.; Dempsey, D.; Lewis, K. Integrity of Pre-existing Wellbores in Geological Sequestration of CO2 – Assessment Using a Coupled Geomechanics-fluid Flow Model. Energy Procedia 2014, 63, 5737–5748.

Kelkar, S.; Lewis, K.; Karra, K.; Zyvoloski, G.; Rapaka, S.; Viswanathan, H.; Mishra, P. K.; Chu, S.; Coblentz, D.; Pawar, R. A Simulator for Modeling Coupled Thermo-hydro-mechanical Processes in Subsurface Geological Media. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Science 2014, 70, 569-580.

Last, G. V.; Murray, C. J.; Botta, Y.; Brown, C. F. Threshold Values for Identification of Contamination Predicted by Reduced Order Models. Energy Procedia 2014, 63, 3589–3597.

Lindner, E. NSealR—A Brief User’s Guide; NRAP-TRS-III-001-2014; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2014; p 92.

Liu, X.; Zhou, Q.; Kitanidis, P. K.; Birkholzer, J. T. Fast Iterative Implementation of Large-Scale Nonlinear Geostatistical Inverse Modeling. Water Resources Research 2014, 50, 198–207.

Liu, Y.; Luan, F.; Burgos, W. D. Redox-Driven Dissolution of Clay Minerals by Uranium under High Pressure CO2 Conditions. Chemical Geology 2014, 383, 100–106.

Mansoor, K.; Carroll, S. A.; Sun, Y. The Role of Wellbore Remediation on the Evolution of Groundwater Quality from CO2 and Brine Leakage. Energy Procedia 2014, 63, 4799–4806.

Mason, H. E.; Walsh, S. D. C.; Du Frane, W.; Carroll, S. A. Determination of Diffusion Profiles in Altered Wellbore Cement Using X-ray Computed Tomography Methods. Environmental Science & Technology 2014, 48(12), 7094-7100.

Newell, D. L.; Larson, T. E.; Perkins, G.; Pugh, J. D.; Stewart, B. W.; Capo, R. C.; Trautz, R. C. Tracing CO2 Leakage into Groundwater Using Carbon and Strontium Isotopes during a Controlled CO2 Release Field Test. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2014, 29, 200–208.

Qafoku, N. P.; Brown, C. F.; Wang, G.; Sullivan, E. C.; Lawter, A. R.; Harvey, O. R.; Bowden, M. Geochemical Impacts of Leaking CO2 from Subsurface Storage Reservoirs to Unconfined and Confined Aquifers; PNNL-22420, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory: Richland, WA, 2014.

Qafoku, N.; Lawter, A.; Shao, H.; Wang, G.; Brown, C. F. Evaluating Impacts of CO2 Gas Intrusion into a Confined Sandstone Aquifer: Experimental Results. Energy Procedia 2014, 63, 3275–3284.

Oldenburg, C. M.; Cihan, A.; Zhou, Q.; Fairweather, S.; Spangler, L. H. Delineating Area of Review in a System with Pre-injection Relative Overpressure. Energy Procedia 2014, 63, 3715-3722.

Pan, L.; Oldenburg, C. M. T2Well - An Integrated Wellbore–Reservoir Simulator. Computers & Geosciences 2014, 65, 46–55.

Pan, P.; Rutqvist, J.; Feng, X.; Yan, F. TOUGH–RDCA Modeling of Multiple Fracture Interactions in Caprock during CO2 Injection into a Deep Brine Aquifer. Computers & Geosciences 2014, 65, 24–36.

Pawar, R.; Bromhal, G.; Carroll, S.; Chu, S.; Dilmore, R.; Gastleum, J.; Oldenburg, C.; Stauffer, P.; Zhang, Y.; Gutrie, G. Quantification of Key Long-term Risks at CO2 Sequestration Sites: Latest Results from US DOE's National Risk Assessment Partnership (NRAP) Project. Energy Procedia 2014, 63, 4816-4823.

Shahkarami, A.; Mohaghegh, S.; Gholami, V.; Haghighat, A.; Moreno, D. Modeling Pressure and Saturation Distribution in a CO2 Storage Project Using a Surrogate Reservoir Model (SRM). Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology 2014, 4, 1–27.

Shao, H.; Kukkadapu, R. K.; Krogstad, E. J.; Newburn, M. K.; Cantrell, K. J. Mobilization of Metals from Eau Claire Siltstone and the Impact of Oxygen under Geological Carbon Dioxide Sequestration Conditions. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 2014, 141, 62–82.

Smith, M. M.; Hao, Y.; Mason, H. E.; Carroll, S. A. Experiments and Modeling of Variably Permeable Carbonate Reservoir Samples in Contact with CO2-acidified Brines. Energy Procedia 2014, 63, 3126–3137.

Sullivan Graham, E. J.; Chu, S.; Pawar, R. J.; Stauffer, P. H. The CO2 -PENS Water Treatment Model: Evaluation of Cost Profiles and Importance Scenarios for Brackish Water Extracted During Carbon Storage. Energy Procedia 2014, 63, 7205-7214.

Thibeau, S.; Bachu, S.; Birkholzer, J.; Holloway, S.; Neele, F.; Zhou, Q. Using Pressure and Volumetric Approaches to Estimate CO2 Storage Capacity in Deep Saline Aquifers. Energy Procedia 2014, 63, 5294–5304.

Trainor-Guitton, W. A Geophysical Perspective of Value of Information: Examples of Spatial Decisions for Groundwater Sustainability. Environment, Systems and Decisions 2014, 34, 124–133.

Trainor-Guitton, W.; Hoversten, G. M.; Ramirez, A.; Roberts, J.; Jlusson, E.; Key, K.; Mellors, R. The Value of Spatial Information for Determining Well Placement: A Geothermal Example. Geophysics 2014, 79, 27–W41, 10.1190/GEO2013-0337.1.

Trevisan, L.; Cihan, A.; Fagerlund, F.; Agartan, E.; Mori, H.; Birkholzer, J. T.; Zhou, Q.; Illangasekare, T. H. Investigation of Mechanisms of Supercritical CO2 Trapping in Deep Saline Reservoirs Using Surrogate Fluids at Ambient Laboratory Conditions. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2014, 29, 35–49.

Trevisan, L.; Pini, R.; Cihan, A.; Birkholzer, J. T.; Zhou, Q.; Illangasekare, T. H. Experimental Investigation of Supercritical CO2 Trapping Mechanisms at the Intermediate Laboratory Scale in Well-defined Heterogeneous Porous Media. Energy Procedia 2014, 63, 5646–5653.

Um, W.; Jung, H.; Kabilan, S.; Fernandez, C. A.; Brown, C. F. Geochemical and Geomechanical Effects on Wellbore Cement Fractures. Energy Procedia 2014, 63, 5808–5812.

Um, W.; Jung, H.; Kabilan, S.; Suh, D.; Fernandez, C. A. Geochemical and Geomechanical Effects on Wellbore Cement Fractures: Data Information for Wellbore Reduced Order Model; PNNL-23148; Pacific Northwest National Laboratory: Richland, WA, 2014.

Verba, C.; O'Connor, W. O.; Rush, G.; Palandri, J.; Reed, M.; Ideker, J. Geochemical Alteration of Simulated Wellbores of CO2 Injection Sites within the Illinois and Pasco Basins. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2014, 23, 119–134.

Vilarrasa, V.; Olivella, S.; Carrera, J.; Rutqvist, J. Long Term Impacts of Cold CO2 Injection on the Caprock Integrity. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2014, 24, 1–13.

Wainwright, H. M.; Finsterle, S.; Jung, Y.; Zhou, Q.; Birkholzer, J. T. Making Sense of Global Sensitivity Analyses. Computers & Geosciences 2014, 65, 84–94.

Walsh, S. D. C.; Mason, H. E.; Du Frane, W. L.; Carroll, S. A. Experimental Calibration of a Numerical Model Describing the Alteration of Cement/Caprock Interfaces by Carbonated Brine. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2014, 22, 176-188.

Walsh, S. D. C.; Mason, H. E.; Du Frane, W. L.; Carroll, S. A. Mechanical and Hydraulic Coupling in Cement-Caprock Interfaces Exposed to Carbonated Brine. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2014, 25, 109–120.

Wang, G.; Qafoku, N. P.; Bacon, D.; Lawter, A. R.; Bowden, M.; Harvey, O.; Sullivan, C.; Brown, C. F. Geochemical Impacts of Leaking CO2from Subsurface Storage Reservoirs to Unconfined And Confined Aquifer; PNNL-22420; Pacific Northwest National Laboratory: Richland, WA, 2014.

Wang, Z.; Small, M. J. A Bayesian Approach to CO2 Leakage Detection at Saline Sequestration Sites Using Pressure Measurements. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2014, 30, 188–196.

Zhang, L.; Dzombak, D. A.; Nakles, D.V. Acid Gas Interactions with Pozzolan Amended Wellbore Cement Under Geologic Storage Conditions; NRAP-TRS-III-004-2014; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2014; p 44.

Zhang, L.; Dzombak, D. A.; Nakles, D. V.; Hawthorne, S. B.; Miller, D. J.; Kutchko, B.; Lopano, C.; Strazisar, B. Effect of Exposure Environment on the Interactions between Acid Gas (H2S and CO2) and Pozzolan-amended Wellbore Cement under Acid Gas Co-sequestration Conditions. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2014, 27, 309–318.

Zhang, L.; Dzombak, D. A.; Nakles, D. V.; Hawthorne, S. B.; Miller, D. J.; Kutchko, B. G.; Lopano. C. L.; Strazisar, B. R. Rate of H2S and CO2 Attack on Pozzolan-amended Class H Well Cement under Geologic Sequestration Conditions. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2014, 27, 299–308.

Zhang, L.; Theregowda, R. B.; Small, M. J. Statistical Model for Scaling and Corrosion Potentials of Cooling-System Source Waters. Environmental Engineering Science 2014, 31, 570–581.

Zhang, S.; DePaolo, D. J.; Zheng, L.; Mayer, B. Reactive Transport Modeling of Stable Carbon Isotope Fractionation in a Multi-phase Multi-component System during Carbon Sequestration. Energy Procedia 2014, 63, 3821–3832.

Zheng, L.; Carroll, S.; Bianchi, M.; Mansoor, K.; Sun, Y.; Birkholzer, J. Reduced Order Models for Prediction of Groundwater Quality Impacts from CO2 and Brine Leakage. Energy Procedia 2014, 63, 4875–4883.

Zhong, L.; Cantrell, K. J.; Bacon, D. H.; Shewell, J. Transport of Organic Contaminants Mobilized from Coal through Sandstone Overlying a Geological Carbon Sequestration Reservoir. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2014, 21, 158–164.

Zhong, L.; Cantrell, K. J.; Mitroshkov, A. V.; Shewell, J. Mobilization and Transport of Organic Compounds from Reservoir Rock and Caprock in Geological Carbon Sequestration Sites. Environmental Earth Sciences 2014, 71, 4261–4272.

2013

Bacon, D. H. Modeling long-term CO2 Storage, Sequestration and Cycling. Geological Storage of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Geoscience, Technologies, Environmental Aspects and Legal Frameworks 2013, 110–146.

Bao, J.; Hou, Z.; Fang, Y,; Ren, H.; Lin, G. Uncertainty Quantification for Evaluating Impacts of Caprock and Reservoir Properties on Pressure Buildup and Ground Surface Displacement during Geological CO2 Sequestration. Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology 2013, 3, 338-358.

Brunet, J. L.; Li, L.; Karpyn, Z. T.; Kutchko, B. G.; Strazisar, B.; Bromhal, G. Dynamic Evolution of Compositional and Transport Properties under Conditions Relevant to Geological Carbon Sequestration. Energy Fuels 2013, 27, 4208–4220.

Cao, P.; Karpyn, Z. T.; Li, L. Dynamic Changes in Wellbore Cement Integrity due to Geochemical Reactions in CO2-rich Environments. Water Resources Research 2013, 49, 4465–4475.

Carey, J. W. Geochemistry of Wellbore Integrity in CO2 Sequestration: Portland Cement-steel-brine-CO2 Interactions. In DePaolo, D. J., Cole, D., Navrotsky, A., and Bourg, I., editors, Geochemistry of Geologic CO2 Sequestration, Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 2013, 77, chapter 15, pages 505–539. Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC.

Carey, J. W.; Lewis, K.; Kelkar, S.; Zyvoloski, G. A. Geomechanical Behavior of Wells in Geologic Sequestration. Energy Procedia 2013, 37, 5642 – 5652.

Chen, M.; Buscheck, T. A.; Wagoner, J. L.; Sun, Y.; White, J. A.; Chiaramonte, L.; Aines, R. D. Analysis of Fault Leakage from Leroy Underground Natural Gas Storage Facility, Wyoming, USA. Hydrology Journal 2013, 21, 1429-1445

Cihan, A.; Birkholzer, J.; Bianchi, M.; Zhou, Q.; Illangasekare, T. H.; Trevisan, L. Pressure Buildup and Brine Migration in CO2 Storage Systems with Multiple Leakage Pathways – Application of a New Analytical Solution. Groundwater 2013, 51, 252–267.

Crandall, D.; Bromhal G. Experimental Examination of Fluid Flow in Fractured Carbon Storage Sealing Formations. International Journal of Geosciences 2013, 4.

Deng, H.; Ellis, B. R.; Peters, C. A.; Fitts, J. P.; Crandall, D.; Bromhal, G. S. Modifications of Carbonate Fracture Hydrodynamic Properties by CO2-Acidified Brine Flow. Energy & Fuels 2013, 27, 4221–4231.

Harvey, O. R.; Qafoku, N. P.; Cantrell, K. J.; Amonette, J. E.; Brown, C. F. Geochemical Implications of Gas Leakage Associated with Geologic CO2 Storage-A Qualitative Review. Environmental Science & Technology 2013, 47, 23–36.

Houseworth, J.; Wainwright, H.; Birkholzer, J. Assessment of Decoupling Wellbore Leakage from Reservoir Flow in Reduced-Order Models; NRAP-TRS-III-001-2013; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2013; p 60.

Huerta, N. J.; Hesse, M. A.; Bryant, S. L.; Strazisar, B.R; Lopano, C. L. Experimental Evidence for Self-Limiting Reactive Flow through a Fractured Cement Core: Implications for Time-Dependent Wellbore Leakage. Environmental Science & Technology 2013, 47, 269-275.

Hur, T.; Baltrus, J. P.; Howard, B. H.; Harbert, W. P.; Romanov, V. N. Carbonate Formation in Wyoming Montmorillonite under High Pressure Carbon Dioxide. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2013, 13, 149–155.

Jordan, P. D.; Oldenburg, C. M.; Nicot, J. P. Measuring and Modeling Fault Density for CO2 Storage Plume-fault Encounter Probability Estimation. AAPG Bulletin 2013, 97, 597-618.

Jung, H. B.; Um, W. Experimental Study of Potential Wellbore Cement Carbonation by Various Phases of Carbon Dioxide during Geologic Carbon Sequestration. Applied Geochemistry 2013, 35, 161–172.

Jung, H. B.; Um, W.; Cantrell, K. J. Effect of Oxygen Co-injected with Carbon Dioxide on Gothic Shale Caprock-CO2-brine Interaction during Geologic Carbon Sequestration. Chemical Geology 2013, 354, 1–14.

Karamalidis, A. K.; Torres, S. G.; Hakala, J. A.; Shao, H.; Cantrell, K. J.; Carroll, S. A. Trace Metal Source Terms in Carbon Sequestration Environments. Environmental Science & Technology Special Issue on Carbon Sequestration 2013, 47, 322–329.

Karamalidis, A. K.; Torres, S. G.; Hakala, J. A.; Shao, H.; Cantrell, K. J.; Carroll, S. A. Trace Metal Source Terms in Carbon Sequestration Environments. Environmental Science & Technology 2013, 47, 322–329.

Keating, E. H.; Hakala, J. A.; Viswanathan, H.; Carey, J. W.; Pawar, R.; Guthrie, G. D.; Fessenden-Rahn, J. CO2 Leakage Impacts on Shallow Groundwater: Field-scale Reactive-transport Simulations Informed by Observations at a Natural Analog Site. Applied Geochemistry 2013, 30, 136–147.

Keating, E. H.; Newell, D. L.; Viswanathan, H.; Carey, J. W.; Zyvoloski, G.; Pawar, R. CO2/Brine Transport into Shallow Aquifers along Fault Zones. Environmental Science & Technology 2013, 47, 290–297.

Last, G. V.; Brown, C. F.; Murray, C. J.; Bacon, D. H.; Qafoku, N. P.; Sharma, M.; Jordan, P. D. No Impact Threshold Values for NRAP's Reduced Order Models; PNNL-22077, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory: Richland, WA, 2013.

Liu, X.; Zhou, Q.; Birkholzer, J. T. Geostatistical Reduced-order Models in Under-determined Inverse Problems. Water Resources Research 2013, 49, 6587–6600.

Mason, H. E.; Du Frane, W. L.; Walsh, S.; Dai, Z.; Charnvanichborikarn, S.; Carroll, S. Chemical and Mechanical Properties of Wellbore Cement Altered by CO2-Rich Brine Using a Multi-Analytical Approach. Environmental Science & Technology 2013, 47, 1745–1752.

Mazzoldi, A.; Picard, D.; Sriam, P. G.; Oldenburg, C. M. Simulation-Based Estimates of Safety Distances for Pipeline Transportation of Carbon Dioxide. Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology 2013, 3, 66–83.

Mukhopadhyay, S.; Hou, Z.; Gosink, L.; Bacon, D.; Doughty, C.; Li, J. J.; Wei, L.; Gasda, S.; Bacci, G.; Govindan, R.; Shi, J.-Q.; Yamamoto, H.; Ramanathan, R.; Nicot, J. P.; Hosseini, S. A.; Birkholzer, J. T.; Bonneville, A. Model Comparison and Uncertainty Quantification for Geologic Carbon Storage: The Sim-SEQ Initiative. Energy Procedia 2013, 37, 3867–3874.

Newell, D. L.; Carey, W. J. Experimental Evaluation of Wellbore Integrity along the Cement-rock Boundary. Environmental Science & Technology 2013, 47, 276–282.

Nicot, J. P.; Oldenburg, C. M.; Houseworth, J. E.; Choi, J. W. Analysis of Potential Leakage Pathways at the Cranfield, MS, USA, CO2 Sequestration Site. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2013, 18, 388-400.

Qafoku, N. P.; Brown, C. F.; Wang, G.; Sullivan, E. C.; Lawter, A. R.; Harvey, O. R.; Bowden, M. Geochemical Impacts of Leaking CO2 from Subsurface Storage Reservoirs to Unconfined and Confined Aquifers; PNNL-22420; Pacific Northwest National Laboratory: Richland, WA, 2013.

Oldenburg, C. M.; Doughty, C.; Spycher, N. The Role of CO2 in CH4 Exsolution from Deep Brine: Implications for Geologic Carbon Sequestration. Greenhouse Gases: Sciences and Technology 2013, 3, 359-377.

Oldenburg, C. M.; Pan, L. Porous Media Compressed-Air Energy Storage (PM-CAES): Theory and Simulation of the Coupled Wellbore–Reservoir System. Transport in Porous Media 2013, 97, 201-221.

Oldenburg, C. M.; Pan, L. Utilization of CO2 as Cushion Gas for Porous Media Compressed Air Energy Storage. Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology 2013, 3, 124-135.

Pawar, R.; Bromhal, G.; Dilmore, R.; Foxall, B.; Jones, E.; Oldenburg, C.; Stauffer, P.; Unwin, S.; Guthrie, G. Quantification of Risk Profiles for
Atmosphere and Groundwater
; NRAP-TRS-III-003-2013; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2013, 28.

Pawar, R.; Bromhal, G.; Dilmore, R.; Foxall, W.; Jones, E.; Oldenburg, C. M.; Stauffer, P.; Unwin, S.; Guthrie, G. Quantification of Risk Profiles and Impacts of Uncertainties as Part of US DOE's National Risk Assessment Partnership (NRAP). Energy Procedia 2013, 37, 4765-4773.

Shao, H.; Thompson, C. J.; Cantrell, K. Evaluation of Experimentally Measured and Model-Calculated pH for Rock-Brine-CO2 Systems under Geologic CO2 Sequestration Conditions. Chemical Geology 2013, 359, 116–124.

Shao, H.; Thompson, C. J.; Qafoku, O.; Cantrell, K. J. In Situ Spectrophotometric Determination of pH under Geologic CO2 Sequestration Conditions: Method Development and Application. Environmental Science & Technology 2013, 47, 63–70.

Siriwardane, H. J.; Gondle, R. K.; Bromhal, G. S. Coupled Flow and Deformation Modeling of Carbon Dioxide Migration in the Presence of a Caprock Fracture during Injection. Energy & Fuels 2013, 27, 4232–4243.

Sullivan, E. J.; Chu, S.; Stauffer, P.; Middleton, R.; Pawar, P. A Method and Cost Model for Treatment of Water Extracted during Geologic CO2 Sequestration. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2013, 12, 372–381.

Sullivan, E. J.; Chu, S.; Stauffer, P.; Pawar, R. A CO2 -PENS Model of Methods and Costs for Treatment of Water Extracted during Geologic Carbon Sequestration. Desalination and Water Treatment 2013, 51, 1487-1493.

Sun Y.; Tong, C.; Trainor-Guitton, W. J.; Lu, C.; Mansoor, K.; Carroll, S. A. Global Sampling for Integrating Physics-Specific Subsystems and Quantifying Uncertainties of CO2 Geologic Sequestration. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2013, 12, 108–123.

Surasani, V. K.; Li, L.; Ajo-Franklin, J. B.; Hubbard, C.; Hubbard, S. S.; Wu, Y. Bioclogging and Permeability Alteration by L. mesenteroides in a Sandstone Reservoir: A Reactive Transport Modeling Study. Energy & Fuels 2013, 27, 6538–6551.

Tokunaga, T. K.; Wan, J.; Jung, J. W.; Kim, T. W.; Kim, Y. Capillary Pressure and Saturation Relations for Supercritical CO2 and Brine in Sand: High-Pressure Pc(Sw) Controller/Meter Measurements, and Capillary Scaling Predictions. Water Resources Research 2013, 49, 4566–4579.

Trautz, R. C.; Pugh, J. D.; Varadharajan, C.; Zheng, L.; Bianchi, M.; Nico, P. S.; Spycher, N. F.; Newell, D. L.; Esposito, R. A.; Wu, Y.; Dafflon, B.; Hubbard, S. S.; Birkholzer, J. T. Effect of Dissolved CO2 on a Shallow Groundwater System: A Controlled Release Field Experiment. Environmental Science & Technology 2013, 47, 298–305.

Wainwright, H. M.; Finsterle, S.; Zhou, Q.; Birkholzer, J. T. Modeling the Performance of Large-Scale CO2 Storage Systems: A Comparison of Different Sensitivity Analysis Methods. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2013, 17, 189–205.

Walsh, S. D. C.; Carroll, S. A. Fracture-scale Model of Immiscible Fluid Flow. Physical Review E 2013, 87.

Walsh, S. D. C.; Du Frane, W. L.; Mason, H. E.; Carroll, S. A. Permeability of Wellbore-Cement Fractures Following Degradation by Carbonated Brines. Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering 2013, 46, 455–464.

Wang, Z.; Small, M. J.; Karamalidis, A. K. Multi-Model Predictive System for Carbon Dioxide Solubility in Saline Formation Waters. Environmental Science & Technology 2013, 47, 1407–1415.

White, M. D.; Bacon, D. H.; White, S. K.; Zhang, Z. F. Fully Coupled Well Models for Fluid Injection and Production. Energy Procedia 2013, 37, 3960–3970.

White, S. K.; Gosink, L.; Sivaramakrishnan, C.; Black, G. D.; Purohit, S.; Bacon, D. H.; Hou, Z.; Lin, G.; Gorton, I.; Bonneville, A. Implementations of a Flexible Framework for Managing Geologic Sequestration Modeling Projects. Energy Procedia 2013, 37, 3971–3979.

Zhang, L.; Dzombak, D. A.; Nakles, D.; Brunet, J.; Li, L. Reactive Transport Modeling of Interactions between Acid Gas (CO2 + H2S) and Pozzolan-amended Wellbore Cement under Geologic Carbon Sequestration Conditions. Energy & Fuels 2013, 27, 6921–6937.

Zhang, L.; Dzombak, D. A.; Nakles, D. V.; Hawthorne, S. B.; Miller, D. J.; Kutchko, B. G.; Lopano. C. L.; Strazisar, B. R. Characterization of Pozzolan-Amended Wellbore Cement Exposed to CO2 and H2S Gas Mixtures under Geologic Carbon Sequestration Conditions. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2013, 19, 358–368.

Zhang, Y.; Sahinidis, N. V. Developing Surrogate Models for CO2 Sequestration Using Polynomial Chaos Expansion; NRAP-TRS-III-004-2013; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2013; p 20.

Zhang, Y.; Sahinidis, N. V. Uncertainty Quantification in CO2 Sequestration Using Surrogate Models from Polynomial Chaos Expansion. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2013, 52, 3121–3132.

Zheng, L.; Spycher, N.; Birkholzer, J.; Xu, T.; Apps, J.; Kharaka, Y. On Modeling the Potential Impacts of CO2 Sequestration on Shallow Groundwater: Transport of Organics and Co-Injected H2S by Supercritical CO2 to Shallow Aquifers. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2013, 14, 113–127.

2012

Birkholzer, J. T.; Cihan, A.; Zhou, Q. Impact-driven Pressure Management Via Targeted Brine Extraction – Conceptual Studies of CO2 Storage in Saline Formations. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2012, 7, 168–180.

Cantrell, K. J.; Shao, K. J.; Zhong, L.; Thompson, C. J.; Jung, H. B.; Um, W. FY 12 ARRA-NRAP Report – Studies to Support Risk Assessment of Geologic Carbon Sequestration; PNNL-20673; Pacific Northwest National Laboratory: Richland, WA, 2012.

Cao, P.; Karpyn, Z.; Li, L. Evolution of Fractured Wellbore Cement under Dynamic Flow Conditions Relevant to Geological Carbon Sequestration. Presented at the 2012 AGU Annual Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Dec 3–7, 2012.

Carroll, S. A. Assessment of Potential CO2 Leakage on Groundwater Quality. Presented at the Eleventh Annual Carbon Capture, Utilization & Sequestration Conference, Pittsburgh, PA, April 30–May 2, 2012.

Cihan, A.; Birkholzer, J. T.; Zhou, Q. Pressure Buildup and Brine Migration during CO2 Storage in Multilayered Aquifers. Groundwater 2012, 51, 252–267.

Harvey, O. R.; Qafoku, N.; Cantrell, K. J.; Brown, C. F. Geochemical Implications of CO2 Leakage Associated with Geologic Storage: A Review; PNNL-21550; Pacific Northwest National Laboratory: Richland, WA, 2012.

Hou, Z.; Rockhold, M. L.; Murray, C. J. Evaluating the Impact of Caprock and Reservoir Properties on Potential Risk of CO2 Leakage after Injection. Environmental Earth Sciences 2012, 66, 2403–2415.

Houseworth, J. E.; Jordan, P. D. Potential for Environmental Impact due to Acid Gas Leakage from Wellbores at EOR Injection Sites near Zama Lake, Alberta: Response to D. M. LeNeveu. Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology 2012, 2, 314–319.

Hu, L.; Pan, L.; Zhang, K. Modeling Brine Leakage to Shallow Aquifer through an Open Wellbore using T2WELL/ECO2N. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2012, 9, 393-401.

Jung, H. B.; Jansik, D. P.; Um, W. Imaging Wellbore Cement Degradation by Carbon Dioxide under Geologic Sequestration Conditions Using X-ray Computed Microtomography. Environmental Science & Technology 2012, 47, 283–289.

Jung, J. W.; Wan, J. Supercritical CO2 and Ionic Strength Effects on Wettability of Silica Surfaces: Equilibrium Contact Angle Measurements. Energy Fuels 2012, 26, 6053–6059.

Kim, Y.; Kneafsey, T. J.; Tokunaga, T. K. Dewetting of Silica Surfaces upon Reactions with Supercritical CO2 and Brine: Pore-scale Studies in Microdels. Environmental Science & Technology 2012, 46, 4228-4235.

Li, L.; Brunet, L. Conceptual Model for the Chemical Alteration of Cement Due to Exposure to CO with H2S. The Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park, PA, 2012.

Lu, J.; Kharaka, Y. K.; Thordsen, J. J.; Horita, J.; Karamalidis, A. K.; Griffith, C.; Hakala, J. A.; Ambats, G.; Cole, D. R.; Phelps, T. J.; Manning, M. A.; Cook, P. J.; Hovorka, S. D. CO2-Rock-Brine Interactions in Lower Tuscaloosa Formation at Cranfield CO2 Sequestration Site, Mississippi, U.S.A. Chemical Geology 2012, 291, 269–277.

Middleton, R.; Keating, G.; Stauffer, P.; Jordan, A.; Viswanathan, H.; Kang, Q.; Carey, J. W.; Mulkey, M.; Sullivan, J.; Chu, S.; Esposito, R. The Cross-scale Science of CO2 Capture and Storage: From Pore Scale to Regional Scale. Energy & Environmental Science 2012, 5, 7328–7345.

Mohaghegh, S. D.; Gruic, O.; Zargari, S.; Kalantari-Dahaghi, A.; Bromhal, G. S. Top-down, Intelligent Reservoir Modeling of Oil and Gas Producing Shale Reservoirs: Case Studies. International Journal of Oil, Gas and Coal Technology 2012, 5, 3–28.

Mukhopadhyay, S.; Birkholzer, J. T.; Nicot, J. P.; Hosseini, S. A. A Model Comparison Initiative for a CO2 Injection Field Test: An Introduction to Sim-SEQ. Environmental Earth Sciences 2012, 67, 601–611.

Ogretim, E.; Mulken, E.; Gray, D.; Bromhal, G. S. A Parametric Study of the Transport of CO2 in the Near-surface. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2012, 9, 294-302.

Oldenburg, C. M.; Doughty, C.; Peters, C. A.; Dobson, P. F. Simulations of Long-column Flow Experiments Related to Geologic Carbon Sequestration: Effects of Outer Wall Boundary Condition on Upward Flow and Formation of Liquid CO2. Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology 2012, 2, 279–303.

Rutqvist, J. The Geomechanics of CO2 Storage in Deep Sedimentary Formations. Geotechnical and Geological Engineering 2012, 30, 525–551.

Siriwardane, H. J.; Bowes, B. D.; Bromhal, G. S.; Gondle, R. K.; Wells, A. W.; Strazisar, B. R. Modeling of CBM Production, CO2 Injection, and Tracer Movement at a Field CO2 Sequestration Site. International Journal of Coal Geology 2012, 96–97, 120-136.

Um, W.; Jung, H. B. Results of Laboratory Scale Fracture Tests on Rock and Cement Interfaces; PNNL- 21446; Pacific Northwest National Laboratory: Richland, WA, 2012.

Varadharajan, C.; Tinnacher, R.; Nico, P. S.; Zheng, L. Laboratory and Synchrotron Analysis of Metal Sediment Associations; NRAP-TRS-III-003-2012; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2012; p 20.

Viswanathan, H.; Dai, Z.; Lopano, C.; Keating, E.; Hakala, J. A.; Scheckel, K. G.; Zheng, L.; Guthrie, G. D.; Pawar, R. Developing a Robust Geochemical and Reactive Transport Model to Evaluate Possible Sources of Arsenic at the CO2 Sequestration Natural Analog Site in Chimayo, New Mexico. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2012, 10, 199–214.

Wainwright, H.; Finsterle, S.; Zhou, Q.; Birkholzer, J. Modeling the Performance of Large-Scale CO2 Storage Systems: A Comparison of Different Sensitivity Analysis Methods; NRAP-TRS-III-002-2012; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2012; p 24.

Walsh, S. D. C. Reduced Order Models Describing Hydraulic and Mechanical Apertures of Cement Fracture as a Function of Fracture Roughness, Confining Pressure and Offset; LLNL-TR-588392; Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory: Livermore, CA, 2012.

Walsh, S. D. C.; Du Frane, W. L.; Mason, H. E.; Carroll, S. A. Permeability of Welbore-cement Fractures Following Degradation by Carbonated Brines. Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering 2012, 45, 455–464.

Xu, Z., Fang, Y., Scheibe, T. D. and Bonneville, A. (2012) A Hydro-Mechanical Model and Analytical Solutions for Geomechanical Modeling of Carbon Dioxide Geological Sequestration, in Energy Technology 2012: Carbon Dioxide Management and Other Technologies (eds M. D. Salazar-Villalpando, N. R. Neelameggham, D. P. Guillen, S. Pati and G. K. Krumdick), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA.

Zhang, Y.; Pau, G. Reduced-Order Model Development for CO2 Storage in Brine Reservoirs; NRAP-TRS-III-005-2012; NRAP Technical Report Series; U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory: Morgantown, WV, 2012; p 20.

2011

Birkholzer, J. T.; Zhou, Q.; Cortis, A.; Finstrle, S. A Sensitivity Study on Regional Pressure Buildup from Large-Scale CO2 Storage Projects. Energy Procedia 2011, 4, 4371–4378.

Birkholzer, J. T.; Nicot, J. P.; Oldenburg, C. M.; Zhou, Q.; Kraemer, S. Brine Flow up a Borehole Caused by Pressure Perturbation from CO2 Storage: Static and Dynamic Evaluations. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2011, 5, 850-861.

Birkholzer, J. T.; Zhou, Q.; Cortis, A.; Finstrle, S. A Sensitivity Study on Regional Pressure Buildup from Large-Scale CO2 Storage Projects. Energy Procedia 2011, 4, 4371–4378.

Cappa, F.; Rutqvist, J. Modeling of Coupled Deformation and Permeability Evolution during Fault Reactivation Induced by Deep Underground Injection of CO2. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2011, 5, 336–346.

Carey, J. W.; Lichtner, P. C. Computational Studies of Two-Phase Cement-CO2-Brine Interaction in Wellbore Environments. SPE Journal 2011, 16, 940–948.

Carroll, S. A.; McNab, W. W.; Torres, S. Experimental Study of Cement - Sandstone/Shale -Brine - CO2 Interactions. Geochemical Transactions 2011, 12, 9.

Cihan, A.; Zhou, Q.; Birkholzer, J. T. Analytical Solutions for Pressure Perturbation and Fluid Leakage through Aquitards and Wells in Multilayered-Aquifer Systems. Water Resources Research 2011, 47.

Ellis, B. R.; Bromhal, G. S.; McIntyre, D. L.; Peters, C. A. Changes in Caprock Integrity due to Vertical Migration of CO2-enriched Brine. Energy Procedia 2011, 4, 5327-5334.

Finsterle, S. iTOUGH2 Universal Optimization Using the PEST Protocol; LBNL-3698E; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, 2011.

Han, J.; Carey, J. W.; Zhang, J. Effect of Sodium Chloride on Corrosion of Mild Steel in CO2-saturated Brines. Journal of Applied Electrochemistry 2011, 41, 741–749.

Han, J.; Carey, J. W.; Zhang, J. A Coupled Electrochemical-geochemical Model of Corrosion for Mild Steel in High-pressure CO2-saline Environments. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2011, 5, 777–787.

Han, J.; Carey, J. W.; Zhang, J. Effect of Bicarbonate on Corrosion of Carbon Steel in CO2 Saturated Brines. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2011, 5, 1680–1683.

Jordan, P. D.; Oldenburg, C. M.; Nicot, J. P. Estimating the Probability of C02 Plumes Encountering Faults. Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology 2011, 1, 160–174.

Keating, E. H.; Doherty, J.; Vrugt, J. A.; Kang, Q. Optimization and Uncertainty Assessment of Strongly Nonlinear Groundwater Models with High Parameter Dimensionality. Water Resources Research 2011, 46, W10517.

Keating, E. H.; Hakala, J. A.; Viswanathan, H.; Capo, R.; Stewart, B.; Gardiner, J.; Guthrie, G.; Carey, J. W.; Fessenden, J. The Challenge of Predicting Groundwater Quality Impacts in a CO2 Leakage Scenario: Results from Field, Laboratory, and Modeling Studies at a Natural Analog Site in New Mexico, USA. Energy Procedia 2011, 4, 3230–3245.

Last, G. V.; Schmick, M. T. Identification and Selection of Major Carbon Dioxide Stream Compositions; PNNL-20493; Pacific Northwest National Laboratory: Richland, WA, 2011.

McGrail, B. P.; Spane, F. A.; Sullivan, E. C.; Bacon, D. H.; Hund, G. The Wallula Basalt Sequestration Pilot Project. Energy Procedia 2011, 4, 5653–5660.

Oldenburg, C. M.; Rinaldi, A. P. Buoyancy Effects on Upward Brine Displacement caused by CO2 Injection. Transport in Porous Media 2011, 87, 525

Pan, L. T2Well/ECO2N Version 1.0: Multiphase and Non-Isothermal Model for Coupled Wellbore-Reservoir Flow of Carbon Dioxide and Variable Salinity Water; LBNL-4291E; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, 2011.

Pan, L.; Oldenburg, C. M.; Pruess, K.; Wu, Y. Transient CO2 Leakage and Injection in Wellbore-Reservoir Systems for Geologic Carbon Sequestration. Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology 2011, 1, 335–350.

Pan, L.; Webb, S. W.; Oldenburg, C. M. Analytical Solution for Two-phase Flow in a Wellbore Using the Drift-flux Model. Advances in Water Resources 2011, 34, 1656–1665.

Tao, Q.; Checkai, D.; Huerta, N.; Bryant, S. L. An Improved Model to Forecast CO2 Leakage Rates Along a Wellbore. Energy Procedia 2011, 538-391.

Um, W.; Jung, H. B.; Martin, P. F.; McGrail, B. P. Effective Permeability Change in Wellbore Cement with Carbon Dioxide Reactio; PNNL-20843; Pacific Northwest National Laboratory: Richland, WA, 2011.

Zhang, Y.; Vouzis, P.; Sahinidis, N. V. GPU Simulations for Risk Assessment in CO2 Geologic Sequestration. Computers & Chemical Engineering 2011, 35, 1631–1644.

2010

Dai, Z.; Keating, E.; Gable, C.; Levitt, D.; Heikoop, J.; Simmons, A. Stepwise Inversion of a Groundwater Flow Model with Multi-scale Observation Data. Hydrogeology Journal 2010, 18, 607624.

Carey, J. W.; Svec, R.; Grigg, R.; Zhang, J.; Crow, W. Experimental Investigation of Wellbore Integrity and CO2-brine Flow along the Casing-cement Microannulus. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2010, 4, 272–282.

Crandall, D.; Bromhal, G.; Karpyn, Z. T. Numerical Simulations Examining the Relationship between Wall-Roughness and Fluid Flow in Rock Fractures. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences 2010, 47, 784–796.

Keating, E. H.; Fessenden, J.; Kanjorski, N.; Koning, D. J.; Pawar, R. The Impact of Shallow Groundwater Chemistry: Observations at a Natural Analog Site and Implications for Carbon Sequestration. Environmental Earth Sciences 2010, 60, 521–536.

2009

Apps, J. A.; Zhang, Y.; Zheng, L.; Xu, T.; Birkholzer, J. T. Identification of Thermodynamic Controls Defining the Concentrations of Hazardous Elements in Potable Ground Waters and the Potential Impact of Increasing Carbon Dioxide Partial Pressure. Energy Procedia 2009, 1, 19171924.

Bacon, D. H.; Sminchak, J. R.; Gerst, J. L.; Gupta, N. Validation of CO2 Injection Simulations with Monitoring Well Data. Energy Procedia 2009, 1, 18151822.

Birkholzer, J. T.; Zhou, Q.; Tsang, C. Large-scale Impact of CO2 Storage in Deep Saline Aquifers: A Sensitivity Study on Pressure Response in Stratified Systems. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 2009, 3, 181194.

Carroll, S.; Hao, Y.; Aines, R. Geochemical Detection of Carbon Dioxide in Dilute Aquifers. Geochemical Transactions 2009, 10, 4.

Keating, E. H.; Zyvoloski, G. A. A Stable and Efficient Numerical Algorithm for Unconfined Aquifer Analysis. Groundwater 2009, 47, 569579.

Oldenburg, C. M.; Nicot, J.; Bryant, S. L. Case Studies of the Application of the Certification Framework to Two Geologic Carbon Sequestration Sites. Energy Procedia 2009, 1, 63-70.

Pan, L.; Oldenburg, C. M.; Wu, Y. S.; Pruess, K. Wellbore Flow Model for Carbon Dioxide and Brine. Energy Procedia 2009, 1, 71–78.

Stauffer, P. H.; Viswanathan, H. S.; Pawar R. J.; Guthrie, G. D. A System Model for Geologic Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide. Environmental Science & Technology 2009, 43, 565–570.

Wigand, M.; Kaszuba, J. P.; Carey, J. W.; Hollis, W. K. Geochemical Effects of CO2 Sequestration on Fractured Wellbore Cement at the Cement/caprock Interface. Chemical Geology 2009, 265, 122–133.

Zheng, L.; Apps, J. A.; Zhang, Y.; Xu, T.; Birkholzer, J. T. Reactive Transport Simulations to Study Groundwater Quality Changes in Response to CO2 Leakage from Deep Geological Storage. Energy Procedia 2009, 1, 18871894.

Zhou, Q.; Birkholzer, J. T.; Tsang, C. F. A Semi-Analytical Solution for Large-Scale Injection-Induced Pressure Perturbation and Leakage in a Laterally Bounded Aquifer-Aquitard System. Transport in Porous Media 2009, 78, 127–148.

2008

Viswanathan, H. S.; Pawar R. J.; Stauffer, P. H.; Kaszuba, J. P.; Carey, J. W.; Olsen, S. C.; Keating, G. N.; Kavetski, D.; Guthrie, G. D. Development of a Hybrid Process and System Model for the Assessment of Wellbore Leakage at a Geologic CO2 Sequestration Site. Environmental Science & Technology 2008, 42, 7280–7286.

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