A current focus of NRAP is to build a set of practical workflows to demonstrate how NRAP tools can be applied to address specific questions that may expedite selection and characterization of candidate storage sites, build confidence of public and industry stakeholders in forecasts of storage site risk performance, aid preparation and evaluation of permit-related monitoring and risk-management designs, and inform decisions related to large-scale implementation of geologic carbon storage. These workflows will be incorporated into recommended practice documents that detail how NRAP tools can be used to evaluate, constrain uncertainty in, and manage leakage risk and induced seismicity risk across the GCS life cycle.
The expected results of NRAP research include:
- An open-source platform (and associated computational tools) and robust methodology for quantifying potential risks, and associated uncertainties, of long-term CO2 storage at a site.
- Protocols for induced seismicity management at geologic carbon storage sites.
- Workflows for integrating monitoring design and concordance evaluation to inform CO2 plume trapping and pressure response assessment; workflow to incorporate monitoring information to constrain uncertainty in site behavior over time.
- Methods and tools to evaluate the effectiveness of risk mitigation and reservoir management approaches to reduce risk at CO2 storage sites.
- A science-based ability to identify safe operational envelopes and practices to minimize potential risks.