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Geochemical context for gas investigations App. Basin. Gases from Neogene-Devonian strata

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A geochemical context for stray gas investigations in the northern Appalachian Basin: Implications of analyses of natural gases from Neogene-through Devonian-age strata

As the pace of drilling activity in the Marcellus Formation in the northern Appalachian Basin has increased, so has the number of alleged incidents of stray natural gas migration to shallow aquifer systems. For this study, more than 2300 gas and water samples were analyzed for molecular composition and stable isotope compositions of methane and ethane. The samples are from Neogene- to Middle Devonian-age strata in a five-county study area in northeastern Pennsylvania. Samples were collected from the vertical and lateral sections of 234 gas wells during mud gas logging (MGL) programs and 67 private groundwater-supply wells during baseline groundwaterquality testing programs. Evaluation of this geochemical database reveals that microbial, mixed microbial and thermogenic, and thermogenic gases of different thermal maturities occur in some shallow aquifer systems and throughout the stratigraphy above the Marcellus Formation. The gas occurrences predate Marcellus Formation drilling activity. Isotope data reveal that thermogenic gases are predominant in the regional Neogene and Upper Devonian rocks that comprise the potable aquifer system in the upper 305 m (1000 ft) (average d13C1 = −43.53‰ average d13C2 = −40.95‰; average dDC1 = −232.50‰) and typically are distinct from gases in the Middle Devonian Marcellus Formation (average d13C1 = 32.37‰; average d13C2 = −38.48‰; average dDC1 = −162.34‰). Additionally, isotope geochemistry at the site-specific level reveals a complex thermal and migration history with gas mixtures and partial isotope reversals (d13C1 > d13C2) in the units overlying the Marcellus Formation. Identifying a source for stray natural gas requires the synthesis of multiple data types at the site-specific level. Molecular and isotope geochemistry provide evidence of gas origin and secondary processes that may have affected the gases during migration. Such data provide focus for investigations where the potential sources for stray gas include multiple, naturally occurring, and anthropogenic gases.

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    Baldassareetal_2014.pdf
    AAPG Bulletin by Fred J. Baldassare, Mark A....
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Field Value
State active
Is NETL associated No
Organization American Association of Petroleum Geologists
Organization Acronym AAPG
Publication Date 02/01/2014
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